Understanding transference in the book theories of personality
The patient's mental health and relationships are affected and can be helped or harmed by transference.
Through identifying such occurrences, reoccurrences of transference can be minimized. However, the therapist may be able can help the patient use these projected emotions to create an understanding of why the transference is occurring.
Countertransference  is defined as redirection of a therapist's feelings toward a patient, or more generally, as a therapist's emotional entanglement with a patient. Transference is often manifested as an erotic attraction towards a therapist, but can be seen in many other forms such as rage, hatred, mistrust, parentification , extreme dependence, or even placing the therapist in a god-like or guru status. The patient may have dreams or fantasies about the therapist, where the therapist is present, or about the current relationship with the therapist. Learn moreFormat: Paperback. The practicing subphase age 10 to 14 months marks the developmental stage at which the child learns to walk. Interpretation helps the patient understand the meaning of the transference that is occurring. As the infant is transformed into an adult he or she will invariably encounter various challenges resulting in some frustration.
Nevertheless, it is the underlying sense of inferiority which is the real problem of the narcissist, the grandiosity is just a facade used to cover the deep feelings of inadequacy.
Major techniques in dealing with transference involve intervention to work on interpreting occurrences and developing explanations for the transference.
What is transference and countertransference
Therefore, meaningful emotional interactions with others are avoided. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The third method of transference occurs through communication of dreams and fantasies experienced by the client. Transference - Wikipedia Specifically, the most comprehensive psychological theories have been advanced by the psychodynamic perspective and to a lesser extent the Jungian analytical perspective. In this case, it does not take on a leader and follower role. When examples of problematic transference become more recognizable, a person in therapy may be able to explore reasons why the transference occurs and help prevent its recurrence. Transference is used to make what is unconscious conscious. This process usually requires repetition of events and interpretations of those events over an extended period. Even if a correct interpretation is made but conveyed in the wrong way, it may not be therapeutic to the patient at all. It occurs in more of a peer or colleague situation. For example, the individual may treat a teacher or doctor as only their role is the factor for which the base their opinion on. There is also a focus on how to respond effectively to transference and projection in the day-to-day practice of counselling and psychotherapy. Differential Psychological Views of Narcissism The use of the term narcissism in relation to psychological phenomena was first made by Ellis in Ellis described a special state of auto-erotism as Narcissus like, in which the sexual feelings become absorbed in self admiration Goldberg, Henceforth, several psychological theories have attempted to explain and treat the narcissistic phenomenon.
From my understanding, while reading about transference, it is almost always a positive and good experience and is necessary for a complete and successful therapy session.
The patient often unconsciously continues the behavior even if it is pointed out to them. This is one of the easiest ways can think of to show transference. The therapist may recommend techniques such as the patient keeping a journal.
Freud explained patient to therapist transference occurring unconsciously where the patient transfers his or her emotions toward the therapist he or she is seeking treatment with.
Therefore, meaningful emotional interactions with others are avoided.
Theoretical principles are illustrated by lively clinical anecdotes from the authors' own psychotherapy practices. Rather than using the patient's transference strategically in therapy, the positive or negative transference is diplomatically pointed out and explained as an obstacle to cooperation and improvement. Journaling can allow a person in therapy to identify possible patterns in both thought and behavior, through the review and comparison of past entries. Sigmund Freud was the first person to realize that transference is necessary for a complete and successful therapy session. The individual may expect more of an authority figure or someone who takes on a protective or powerful role. Source: flickr. The second half of the twentieth century in particular witnessed an explosion of interest both in theories about personality, psychological development, cognition and behaviour, as well as in the practice of therapy, or perhaps more accurately, the therapies. The existential school has also attempted to deal with the narcissistic problem, although the available literature is much smaller. Such arguments are not surprising, and indeed objectively can be seen as healthy - potentially promoting greater precision in research, alternative approaches to apparently intractable problems, and deeper understanding of the wellsprings of human thought, emotion and behaviour. It occurs in more of a peer or colleague situation. The wife has an unresolved traumatic incident in which her father for leaving her clothes on the floor had beaten her.
The therapist needs to work to help the patient identify occurrences causing the transference. Existentialists postulate that society as a whole can be the crucial factor in the development of narcissism.
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