Rajbhasha hindi contribution on nation
Indias national language
Similarly, States and local authorities are required to endeavor to provide primary education in the mother tongue for all linguistic minorities , regardless of whether their language is official in that State, and the President has the power to issue directions he deems necessary to ensure that they are provided these facilities. This process usually involves compensatory lengthening of vowels preceding consonant clusters in Prakrit, e. Even grammatical constructs, namely the izafat , were assimilated into Hindi. Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is written from left to right. In addition, the constitution grants the central government, acting through the President , the power to issue certain directives to the government of a state in relation to the use of minority languages for official purposes. Singh said the contribution of non-Hindi speaking people such as Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak was immense in making Hindi an official language of the country. Many schools, colleges and organizations celebrate this day with special competitions, such as poetry writing, story recitation, essay writing and Hindi vocabulary quizzes. Comparison with Modern Standard Urdu[ edit ] Main articles: Hindi—Urdu controversy , Hindustani phonology , and Hindustani grammar Linguistically , Hindi and Urdu are two registers of the same language and are mutually intelligible.
Even grammatical constructs, namely the izafatwere assimilated into Hindi. This process usually involves compensatory lengthening of vowels preceding consonant clusters in Prakrit, e.
Hindi is quite easy to understand for many Pakistaniswho speak Urdu, which, like Hindi, is part of Hindustani.
English as an associate official language
Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group. However, the only non-Hindi state to seek a similar power— Tamil Nadu , which sought the right to conduct proceedings in Tamil in its High Court —had its application rejected by the central government earlier, which said it was advised to do so by the Supreme Court. State judiciary[ edit ] States have significantly less freedom in relation to determine the language in which judicial proceedings in their respective High Courts will be conducted. Hindi is the most commonly used official language in India. Even though Hindi has evolved from Sanskrit, many of its words find their origin in Arabic or Persian. Under Article , the official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English: 1 The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The Official Languages Act gives the Governor a similar power, subject to similar conditions, in relation to the language in which the High Court's judgments will be delivered. In it was declared that the use of English was to be put to an end, 15 years after the formation of the Constitution by 26th January Sanskrit[ edit ] Much of Modern Standard Hindi's vocabulary is borrowed from Sanskrit as tatsam borrowings, especially in technical and academic fields. Parliamentary business, according to the Constitution, may be conducted in either Hindi or English.
He also questioned those who said English was required for India to become an economic power. Usually these neologisms are calques of English words already adopted into spoken Hindi. Parliamentary business, according to the Constitution, may be conducted in either Hindi or English.
Unless Parliament decided otherwise, the use of English for official purposes was to cease 15 years after the constitution came into effect, i.
The adoption of other languages and cultures will help unite the people and the country, he said.
based on 106 review