Electoral college usa politics 30 marker

Read more about the allocation of electoral votes. If this is the case the House of Representatives will choose the President, and the Senate will choose the Vice President.

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Faithless electors also may face censure from their political party, as they are usually chosen based on their perceived party loyalty. Additionally, the Twelfth Amendment states a "majority of the whole number" of senators currently 51 of is necessary for election.

Faithless Electors Once the results of the election are known, states will send electors to Washington DC who will cast their votes for the candidate which won their state.

Electoral college usa politics 30 marker

The vice president and the Speaker of the House sit at the podium, with the vice president in the seat of the Speaker of the House. See the key dates for the election and information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and the Congress in the Electoral College process. When the time for balloting arrives, the electors choose one or two people to act as tellers. If an elector does this they are known as Faithless electors. Additionally, the Twelfth Amendment states a "majority of the whole number" of senators currently 51 of is necessary for election. The candidate who has won the most congressional districts in that state is then awarded the two remaining Electoral College Votes. However, the text is written in such a way that all candidates with the most and second most electoral votes are eligible for the Senate election — this number could theoretically be larger than two. Relevant portions of the certificate of vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote. Furthermore in the Electoral College was the subject of an amendment to the Constitution which introduced Electoral College representation for the District of Columbia. Blair, Justice Robert Jackson wrote: "no one faithful to our history can deny that the plan originally contemplated what is implicit in its text — that electors would be free agents, to exercise an independent and nonpartisan judgment as to the men best qualified for the Nation's highest offices. A staff member of the President of the Senate collects the Certificates of Vote as they arrive and prepares them for the joint session of the Congress.

See the key dates for the election and information about the role and responsibilities of Congress in the Electoral College process.

Representation in the College.

Cons of the electoral college

The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting. Further information: United States congressional apportionment State population per electoral vote census A state's number of electors equals the number of representatives plus two electors for both senators the state has in the United States Congress. House of Representatives. The meeting is opened by the election certification official — often that state's secretary of state or equivalent — who reads the Certificate of Ascertainment. In some states, such as Oklahoma , Virginia and North Carolina , electors are nominated in party conventions. Many multi-winner systems can, however, overcome the pernicious impacts of gerrymandering -- as well as prevent the spoiler effect. This method has been used in Maine since and in Nebraska since If an elector does this they are known as Faithless electors. Contingent vice presidential election by Senate[ edit ] If no candidate for vice president receives an absolute majority of electoral votes, then the Senate must go into session to elect a vice president. The District of Columbia is represented in the Electoral College and will always have the same number of votes as the least populous state, which is Wyoming. The House continues balloting until it elects a president.

The Senate is limited to choosing from the two candidates who received the most electoral votes for vice president. Section 3 also specifies Congress may statutorily provide for who will be acting president if there is neither a president-elect nor a vice president-elect in time for the inauguration.

In New Jerseythe electors cast ballots by checking the name of the candidate on a pre-printed card; in North Carolinathe electors write the name of the candidate on a blank card.

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Path to the Presidency Upon election day, voters will cast their ballot for President as an instruction to the electors for their state. This document sets forth who was chosen to cast the electoral votes. Under this method, an electoral college vote is allocated for every congressional district that they win.

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United States Electoral College