Athens vs sparta 500 bc

As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. The Spartans would continue to exist, although as a second-rate power in a long period of decline.

sparta vs athens

Military strength Strong army, best and most feared fighters on land. According to Aristotle, the Spartan military culture was actually short-sighted and ineffective.

On his knees, the Spartan king slew several enemy soldiers before being finally killed by a javelin. The gerousia consisted of 28 elders over the age of 60, elected for life and usually part of the royal households, and the two kings.

After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around BCE.

Athens vs sparta 500 bc

She first shaved her head to the scalp, then dressed her in a man's cloak and sandals, and laid her down alone on a mattress in the dark. Helot women were often used as wet nurses. Here musical and gymnastic contests took place as well as the famous flogging ordeal diamastigosis. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. Geography Sparta is located in the region of Laconia, in the south-eastern Peloponnese. Philip II gained the Macedonian throne and thereafter transformed his traditionally disunited and weak dominions into a political and military power. Subsequently, Sparta became a free city under Roman rule, some of the institutions of Lycurgus were restored, [48] and the city became a tourist attraction for the Roman elite who came to observe exotic Spartan customs. The coasts of Asia Minor were colonised from B. Spartan warriors were also known for their long hair and red cloaks. Sources suggest that Mycenaen Greece was itself challenged by vital and energetic "Dorian" invaders from the north. Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. Beliefs and Culture Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. However, we know nothing of matters of wealth such as how land was bought, sold, and inherited, or whether daughters received dowries. Partial excavation of the round building was undertaken in and by the American School at Athens. Council of was charged with administering decisions made by the Assembly.

The name Ulysses is a Latin term for the actual original Greek name Odysseus. Instead, the helots were given a subordinate position in society more comparable to serfs in medieval Europe than chattel slaves in the rest of Greece.

However, other scholars question this interpretation. The ancient Greeks increasingly dated notable events in their history in relation to this Olympiad. The agogethe education of the ruling class, was, they claim, founded on pederastic relationships required of each citizen, [] with the lover responsible for the boy's training.

Sparta government

In , excavations began in Sparta. Moreover, if any exceeded the vigour proper to a slave's condition, they made death the penalty; and they allotted a punishment to those controlling them if they failed to rebuke those who were growing fat". Lakedaimona was until the name of a province in the modern Greek prefecture of Laconia. The Trojans opened their gates and drew the wooden horse inside. Although Alexander's empire was dismembered the establishment of Macedonian dynasties over sweeping Asian and Egyptian territories allowed the continuance of a high degree of Macedonian and Greek influence over a most extensive geographical area. As Spartan citizenship was inherited by blood, Sparta increasingly faced a helot population that vastly outnumbered its citizens. Decline of the Spartans In B. Spartan citizens were required to donate a certain amount of what they yielded from their kleros to their syssitia, or mess. The boys lived communally under austere conditions. Social Structure Social Structure of Athens: Freemen were all male citizens: divided into numerous classes: at the top were aristocrats who had large estates and made up the cavalry or captained triremes; middle ranks were small farmers; lowest class was the thetes urban craftsmen and trireme rowers.

A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. Women were rarely seen outside the home and had no rights in the Athenian democracy.

athens and sparta

This Empire had been greatly extended under Cyrus the Great B.

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Athens vs Sparta