A review of the problem of animal cruelty

Although the link between the physical abuse of animals and interpersonal violence is unlikely to be as causal as some research suggests, the occurrence of either type of violence should cue police to check whether other forms of mistreatment may also be present.

Most of these studies examined the prevalence of animal cruelty among incarcerated, violent offenders. While only about a third of U.

Such abuse serves to dominate, control, and induce fear and subservience in their victims and to deter battered women and their children from leaving abusive situations.

As of April 18,the database included over 17, cases in six countries. Figure 1 A flow diagram of actions following observation of an animal welfare case.

animal abuse pdf

Abusive behaviors include beating, burning, choking or suffocating, dragging, drowning, hanging, kicking or stomping, mutilating, poisoning, shooting, stabbing, and throwing, among others. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of the literature on the link between animal cruelty and criminal behaviour, illustrating that dealing appropriately with animal cruelty offences is a necessary part of addressing problem human behaviour.

Animal physical abuse: a wide range of injurious acts requiring active engagement such as beating, kicking, suffocating, throwing, shaking, poisoning, and burning. Abuse also includes sexual contact with animals, particularly contact that causes injury or severe distress such as vaginal or anal penetration, or ligature or lacerations to the animals' genitalia.

Offender X is a year-old male from the Eastern Cape, who was convicted for bestiality. Implications for policy and practice It is hoped that this article has demonstrated the significance of animal abuse and mistreatment in the field of criminal justice.

Animal abuse

Recently there have been a few cases of judicial responses to animal cruelty and abuse in the South African media. State legislative trends The HSUS has long led the push for stronger animal cruelty laws and provides training for law officials to detect and prosecute these crimes. In addition, there must be better coordination between service providers such as NICRO, animal welfare organisations, the Department of Social Development, the police and prosecution in dealing with acts of animal abuse and mistreatment, child abuse and domestic violence FR Ascione et al op cit. The U. If the examination of the animal leads to a suspicion of abuse, the veterinarian should first attempt to discuss these concerns with the client. These include the following. In one study of families under investigation for suspected child abuse, researchers found that pet abuse had occurred in 88 percent of the families under supervision for physical abuse of their children. Hoarders are most frequently single females who live alone, do not work outside the home, and are socially isolated. Sufferers of a hoarding disorder may impose severe neglect on animals by housing far more than they are able to adequately take care of. If the inquiry suggests that a second opinion, further examination, or possible reporting to authorities is indicated, comprehensive, contemporaneous, and accurate note-taking or tape recording is essential especially if the case will lead to a formal investigation. Public sentiment often runs very high over cases involving animals. The practitioner is advised to check with legal counsel for the most current information. Additional pressure is exerted when egregious or spectacular cases generate extensive news media coverage. Although a few studies have shown that a small proportion of violent adult criminals were chronic animal abusers as children, most children who are cruel to animals commit mild, infrequent acts of cruelty and eventually grow out of it.

Capturing and harming protected animal species Hunting out of season Smuggling and selling exotic animal species Puppy mills Some of these related problems are covered in other guides in this series, all of which are listed at the end of this guide. Exploiters collect animals to serve their own needs and usually have a serious mental illness.

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[Full text] Recognizing and responding to cases of suspected animal cruelty, abuse