Although the link between the physical abuse of animals and interpersonal violence is unlikely to be as causal as some research suggests, the occurrence of either type of violence should cue police to check whether other forms of mistreatment may also be present.
Most of these studies examined the prevalence of animal cruelty among incarcerated, violent offenders. While only about a third of U.
Such abuse serves to dominate, control, and induce fear and subservience in their victims and to deter battered women and their children from leaving abusive situations.
As of April 18,the database included over 17, cases in six countries. Figure 1 A flow diagram of actions following observation of an animal welfare case.
Abusive behaviors include beating, burning, choking or suffocating, dragging, drowning, hanging, kicking or stomping, mutilating, poisoning, shooting, stabbing, and throwing, among others. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of the literature on the link between animal cruelty and criminal behaviour, illustrating that dealing appropriately with animal cruelty offences is a necessary part of addressing problem human behaviour.
Animal physical abuse: a wide range of injurious acts requiring active engagement such as beating, kicking, suffocating, throwing, shaking, poisoning, and burning. Abuse also includes sexual contact with animals, particularly contact that causes injury or severe distress such as vaginal or anal penetration, or ligature or lacerations to the animals' genitalia.
Offender X is a year-old male from the Eastern Cape, who was convicted for bestiality. Implications for policy and practice It is hoped that this article has demonstrated the significance of animal abuse and mistreatment in the field of criminal justice.
Capturing and harming protected animal species Hunting out of season Smuggling and selling exotic animal species Puppy mills Some of these related problems are covered in other guides in this series, all of which are listed at the end of this guide. Exploiters collect animals to serve their own needs and usually have a serious mental illness.