A report on the developmentally disabled and their reproductive rights

Background Contraception use remains a controversial topic for adults with intellectual disabilities.

Disability and reproductive health

In this case, physicians are encouraged to respect patient autonomy. If abuse is discovered, US medical personnel of all types are mandatory reporters [ 61 ]. We have updated their algorithm to reflect a rights-based framework. An instructional manual for educators of individuals with developmental disabilities. Since many women with ID can be successfully taught to manage menstrual hygiene, not all authorities consider menstrual management to be an appropriate indication for contraception use [ 58 , 69 ]. Pediatrics Vol. Additionally, adults with ID are more likely to get sexual information from questionable sources, such as television [ 18 , 43 ], and to express misconceptions related to reproductive anatomy and physiology, sexuality and sexual health [ 18 , 30 , 41 , 42 , 45 — 47 ]. Our literature review was conducted using PubMed and Google Scholar, and search terms included combinations of the following: intellectual disability, mental retardation, developmental disability AND sexual health, primary care, reproductive health, women's health, sex education, sexual health education, sexual abuse, sexuality, cervical cancer, cytology, sexually transmitted infection, sexually transmitted disease, pregnancy, prenatal, parent, parenting, and mothers.

Can people with limited mental abilities fully understand the ramifications of sexual activity? Concerns for Educators who Teach Sexual Health Education As they mature, young people with disabilities experience most if not all of the same physical and emotional changes as their peers who do not have disabilities.

As discussed above, sex education is thought to be beneficial in combating sexual exploitation, as it may increase participants' abilities to recognize and report abuse [ 4357 ]. Background Though problems with tracking, reporting, and definition make it difficult to determine the exact prevalence, adults with intellectual disabilities are thought to be at high risk for abuse, including sexual abuse, with rates estimated as high as over half of all women with ID [ 50 ].

A report on the developmentally disabled and their reproductive rights

Proponents of negative eugenics took the idea of genetic purity a step further. Empirically, it is important to screen patients with ID for abuse without assuming that all sexual activity is categorically abusive. In order to address these gaps, we conducted a limited review of the literature related to the sexual health care of women with intellectual disabilities. Disability can be defined as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Sex Education 3. However, direct support workers who assist people with ID often lack training in supporting positive sexuality or even providing basic information to their clients [ 51 ]. They believed a more permanent solution was to prevent 'undesirables' from reproducing. Women with ID are more likely than other women to use contraception and to request hysterectomy, in order to manage menstruation, including menstrual hygiene [ 40 ]. According to the U. Empirically, we encourage primary care providers to offer sex education when appropriate or feasible. It may be appropriate to include family members in patient education regarding sexuality. On the one hand, persons with ID have the same rights as any other citizen. There is a general lack of evidence regarding what constitutes effective sexuality education for adults with ID [ 43 , 48 ]. Educators should have resources and supports available to modify and adapt programs to meet the needs of their students. For instance, some women with ID may not fully comprehend what is happening to their bodies during pregnancy.

Cerebral Palsy Facts. Two branches of eugenics were influential.

disability and reproductive justice

The idea that people with disabilities are childlike and dependent concides with a belief that a disabled person is somehow unable to participate equally in an intimate relationship.

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Reproductive Rights for People with Intellectual Disabilities